7 rug types for your home

Adding a rug to a room can create a strong focal point, create a living zone or simply hide an unsightly stain or blemish. While a fitted carpet gives a specific feel, rugs allow for a mixture of textures and designs.

Creating a whole new look without any expense can be achieved by moving and repositioning existing rugs. They help protect hardwood floors and save carpeting from being bleached by the sun. And of course, they feel nice and comfy on your toes!

Creating a whole new look without any expense can be achieved by moving and repositioning existing rugs.

Whether you choose a traditional handwoven rug in soft earthy hues or a contemporary piece using striking graphics, there’s a rug to suit every room and every space.

7 types of rugs

1. Hand-knotted

Each hand-knotted rug is a unique, labour-intensive work of an artisan. Each piece of weave is knotted by hand to create a one-of-a-kind, hard-wearing and vibrant rug.

2. Tufted

Strands of wool or yard are punched through a canvas backing and sheet and held in place with glue and fabric. These rugs are textured, durable and cheaper than hand-knotted rugs.

3. Woven

These rugs are made on a loom where vertical threads (warps) are held in place and horizontal threads (weft) are passed under and over. Woven carpets can be made of wool, silk or cotton.

Related: 5 sustainable flooring options

4. Loop Pile

The yarn is punched through the backing material then looped over and passed back through the material again. The loops can be all the same size or different lengths to create a textured look. Short loops are great for high-traffic areas whereas longer loops have a more luxurious feel.

5. Twist Pile

Very similar to a loop pile except that the loop is given a twist or two. This creates a textured rug that is resistant to tracking (the leaving of footprint marks on the rug).

6. Cut Pile

By taking a loop pile and cutting the tops off the loops at an even height, a cut pile rug is created. The effect is soft and luxurious with a rug that is elegant and quite formal.

7. Cut-and-loop pile

This combination of a cut-and-loop pile is used to create designs, textures and patterned effects. A great rug for hiding footprints and any tracked in dirt.

Size matters

Choosing the correct size rug depends on the dimensions of the room. Make sure you don’t cover the entire floor space since your rug should have its own visual ‘frame’.

A good rule of thumb is to keep 30 to 60 centimeters of open space between the rug and the surrounding walls.

International sizes differ from Australian sized rugs, so if you’re buying an imported piece or ordering online, double check which size specifications you’re working with.

Get the right fit

There’s a few ‘rules’ to remember when placing rugs.

In the dining room

The rug should go under the table with enough width and breadth so chairs stay on the rug when people push back from the table.

In the bedroom

A rug works well when it’s placed under the lower two-thirds of the bed. This gives a nice soft surface to bare feet on a cold winter’s morning.

Placing the front legs of a sofa on a rug while the back legs remain on floorboards helps to make the sitting area more inviting.

In the living room

A strong design can make the rug a focal point of the room and offer an anchoring point or a centrepiece. Likewise, a light coloured rug can open the room up and create a sense of space. A dark rug, however, will make a cold room feel warm and cosy.

The rug must work with the furnishings, complimenting or contrasting, depending on your style and taste.

In rooms that get busy and messy, keep the pile short and the colours mottled for piece of mind and easy cleaning.

And avoid having the corner of a rug in front of a doorway, which creates a tripping hazard.

Originally published as 7 rug types for your home by Venessa Paech.  Author at realestate.com.au